Kennel Club Regulation Booklets J-regs
This is one of a series of booklets designed to present the Regulations in a more accessible form. The complete set of Rules & Regulations is of course still available within the Kennel Club Year Book.
There are booklets available for Breed Shows, Obedience Shows, Agility Shows and Flyball Competitions, Working Trials and Bloodhound Trials, Heelwork to Music, Field Trials and Rally. Whilst including all the relevant regulations
also included is an extract from the B Regulations on the requirements of dog registration.
KENNEL CLUB FIELD TRIAL REGULATIONS
As at 1st January 2013
a. Field Trials shall be conducted in accordance with the Kennel Club
Rules and Regulations.
b. A Field Trial is a meeting for the purpose of holding competitions to assess the work of Gundogs in the field, with dogs working on live unhandled game and where game may be shot.
c. Game that has been handled in any way, either dead or alive, must not be used for testing dogs in any part of a Field Trial, except that dead game may be used in the conduct of a water test.
d. Societies which are registered with the Kennel Club and which have been so authorised may organise Field Trials. A licence and a Game Certificate must be obtained from the Kennel Club for every Trial in accordance with the procedure set out in these Regulations.
e. Notwithstanding the provisions of these Regulations, certain events, which are not licensed by the Kennel Club, may from time to time, be recognised by the General Committee of the Kennel Club. The General Committee shall have power to grant permission for Kennel Club registered dogs to be entered for such events. A Judge, competitor or promoter will not be prejudiced by participation in these special unlicensed events. Any Field Trial not licensed by the Kennel Club is liable to be deemed an unrecognised event.
f. The Field Trial Year ends on 1st February and begins on 2nd February in each year.
g. If, in the opinion of the General Committee, a dog is of savage disposition it shall be ineligible for entry in any Field Trial, Gundog Working Test or Show Gundog Working Day held under Kennel Club Rules and Regulations. No activity shall be conducted which permits, encourages or develops aggression in a dog.
2. Welfare of Dogs.
A competitor whose dog is entered at a Kennel Club licensed event should take all reasonable steps to ensure the needs of their dog(s) are met, and should not knowingly put their dogs’ health and welfare at risk by any action, default, omission or otherwise. A breach of this Regulation may be referred to the General Committee for disciplinary action under Kennel Club Rules and Regulations.
a. A Field Trial meeting may consist of one or more Stakes which are separate competitions at that Trial.
b. Stakes may be run for any of the four sub-groups of Gundogs recognised by the Kennel Club under the Regulations for each sub-group.
c. The four sub-groups are as follows:
(1) Retrievers (including Irish Water Spaniels). (2) Spaniels other than Irish Water Spaniels.
(3) Pointers and Setters.
(4) Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve. d. The following are definitions of certain Stakes:
(1) Open. A Stake in which dogs have the opportunity of gaining a qualification towards the title of Field Trial Champion (K Regulations refer) and towards entry in the Championship or Champion Stake for its breed; in which entry is open to all dogs of a specified breed or breeds except that such Stakes may not be confined to Any Variety Spaniel [except Spaniel (English Springer) and Spaniel (Cocker)]. It may be limited to a prescribed number of runners (J4 refers), in which case these shall be decided by a draw conducted in accordance with Regulation J7.i. so that preference is given to previous performance.
(2) All Aged. A Stake which is open to all dogs of a specified breed or breeds without restriction as to their age, but which may be restricted by any other conditions which may be determined by the society subject to the approval of the General Committee of the Kennel Club.
(3) Novice. Retrievers, Spaniels and Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve: A Stake which is confined to dogs which have not gained a place which would qualify them for first preference in the draw for Open Stakes. Pointers and Setters: A Stake which is confined to dogs which have not gained a First, Second or Third in Open Stakes or First or two Seconds in All Aged, Novice or Puppy Stakes prior to the close of entries.
(4) Puppy. A Stake which is confined to dogs under the age of two years at the scheduled date of the Stake.
(5) Other Stakes may, with Kennel Club approval, be promoted by societies, but all Stakes must be clearly defined in the schedule. Places gained in Stakes confined to Any Variety Spaniel [except Spaniel (English Springer) and Spaniel (Cocker)] will not qualify the dog for the purposes of Regulation J7.i.
4. Numbers of Runners
To qualify for entry in the Kennel Club Stud Book the numbers of runners permitted is as follows:
(1) Two-day Open Stakes – maximum 24, minimum 20. (2) One-day Open Stakes – maximum 12, minimum 10. (3) Other Stakes per day – maximum 16, minimum 10. (4) Championship – no maximum number.
Open Spaniel Stakes are presently confined to Spaniel (Cocker) and
Spaniel (English Springer).
(1) Open Stakes – maximum 18, minimum 14. (2) Other Stakes – maximum 18, minimum 12.
(3) Cocker and English Springer Championships – no maximum number.
c. Pointers and Setters
(1) Champion Stake – unlimited entries subject to correct qualifications.
Open Stakes – maximum 40, minimum 16.
(2) Novice/All Aged Stakes – maximum 45, minimum 12. (3) Puppy Stakes – maximum 45, minimum 8.
(4) Where an Open and any other type of Stake are to run on the same day, the maximum number of runners over the whole day is 45.
d. Hunt, Point and Retrieve
(1) Open Stakes – maximum 12, minimum 10. (2) Other Stakes – maximum 12, minimum 8.
5. Application and Documentation
(1) The application for a licence to hold a Field Trial must be made on
the official form for the purpose and must be lodged with the Secretary of the Kennel Club at least 30 days before the proposed date of the Trial. The application must be accompanied by the appropriate fee. Fees for holding Field Trials are decided by the Members of the Kennel Club in General Meeting, and are published from time to time in the Kennel Gazette.
(2) A current Public Liability Insurance Document must be available at the Trial. Failure to have a current Document at the date of the Trial will invalidate the licence.
(1) A society holding a Field Trial must issue a schedule.
The schedule must contain:
(i) A statement that the Field Trial is to be held under Kennel
Club Rules and Regulations.
(ii) The definition of each Stake to be held and the maximum number of runners permitted in each Stake.
(iii) The date and place of the Field Trial and, where the time and place of meeting are not included, a statement that the time and place of the meeting will be communicated to competitors separately, and by what means.
(iv) The order in which the Stakes will be run.
(v) Save in exceptional circumstances, the names and ID
numbers of the Judges.
(vi) The details of fees for entry and of prizes offered. (vii) The latest date for receiving applications for entry.
(viii) The date, place and time of the draw and the method of notifying the full result to all entrants.
(ix) A statement that should circumstances so dictate the society, in consultation with the Judges, may alter arrangements as necessary. Such changes and the circumstances surrounding
them must be reported to the Kennel Club at the earliest opportunity.
(x) A statement, if applicable, that the society may reserve to itself the right to refuse any entry, except that this shall not apply in terms of the preference in the draw Regulations (ref J7.i.). The Kennel Club must be notified in writing of all such refusals with the society’s reason.
(xi) Notice of any restrictions or conditions attached to the
Stakes, including arrangements for the substitution of dogs. (2) No modification may be made to the schedule after publication
except by permission of the Kennel Club, followed by advertisement in appropriate journals if time permits before the closing of entries.
(3) The schedule must be accompanied by a separate nomination or official entry form on which the wording of the declaration to be signed in accordance with the specimen issued by the Kennel Club.
(4) The Secretary of the society shall send a copy of the schedule and entry form to the Kennel Club within three days of printing.
A society holding a Field Trial must publish a card which must include:
(1) On the front outside cover or title page:
(i) The name of the society and its ID number.
(ii) The breed(s) and type of Stake(s) to be run at the Trial. (iii) Date(s) of the Trial.
(iv) Names of the Judges and their ID numbers. (v) Name of the Chief Steward.
(vi) Venue of the Trial. (2) Contents
(i) A statement that the Field Trial is held under Kennel Club
Rules and Regulations.
(ii) A definition of each Stake to be run at the Trial. (iii) The prizes offered.
(iv) Entries listed as follows:
Registered name and number of dog and/or Stud Book number.
Name of owner(s). Breed of dog.
Address of owner(s), unless requested by the owners(s) to be withheld for publication.
Sex of dog.
Date of birth of dog.
Registered name of sire and dam. Name of breeder.
Name of handler.
(v) A statement that the society accepts no responsibility for injury, loss or damage to person or property however occasioned.
(vi) Veterinary Support: The name, address and telephone number of the Veterinary Surgeon, Practitioner or Practice supporting the Trial.
d. Marked Card
Following the Trial the Secretary shall send to the Kennel Club, within
14 days, a copy of the card with all places and certificate of merits marked, together with the game certificate and a copy of the draw.
e. Veterinary Support
Veterinary support compatible with the arrangements for the Trial
should be made by the organising society. f. Abandonment or Cancellation
Any cancellation or abandonment of a Field Trial must be reported writing to the Kennel Club, stating when and why, and enclosing a copy of the card if available.
(1) The Judges shall be appointed by the society holding the Trial
which must satisfy itself that the persons being invited to judge have practical experience of both Field Trials and the shooting field.
(2) Judges may not shoot at a Stake which they are judging.
(3) Judges may not enter a dog for competition at a Trial at which they are judging.
(4) Judging appointments should be confirmed in writing by both the Society and the Judge. When confirming an appointment the Society should include the following wording:
“In accepting this invitation you agree to be bound by Kennel Club Rules and Regulations and the Kennel Club Code of Best Practice for Judges. In doing so you also recognise that you are obliged to notify us in writing of any change in personal circumstances which will affect your ability to fulfil this judging appointment. You should also note that we reserve the right to cancel the contract before the date of the appointment if there is a change in your circumstances, which in our reasonable opinion would adversely affect your ability to fulfil the appointment.”
(5) All judging contracts are subject to cancellation at the discretion of the Kennel Club in the event of the judge being subject to relevant disciplinary action.
b. Compulsory Judges for Stakes
The required number of Judges for Stakes and the number that must be
Panel Judges are as follows: (1) Retrievers – 3 or 4 Judges
Championship: all A.
Open Stakes: all Panel Judges with at least two A.
Other Stakes: at least two Panel Judges, one of whom must be an A. (2) Spaniels – 2 Judges
Championships: all A.
Open Stakes: both Panel Judges, one of whom must be an A. (If four Judge system used all Panel Judges, with at least 2 A Panel.) Other Stakes: at least one A. (If four Judge system used at least 2
Panel Judges, one of whom must be an A.)
(3) Pointers and Setters – 2 Judges Champion Stake: both A. Other Stakes: at least one A.
(4) Hunt, Point and Retrieve Breeds – 2 Judges
Open Stakes: both Panel Judges, one of whom must be an A.
Other Stakes: at least one A. c. Qualifications for Panels
(1) The General Committee shall issue to Field Trial societies the official lists of Panel Judges for Retrievers, Spaniels, Pointers and Setters and Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve which will be subject to adoption annually by the General Committee.
(2) Before a Judge can be considered for addition to any panel he must be recommended by a Field Trial society which is approved to hold Open Stakes for the appropriate sub-group and for which he has judged within the previous three years. Before considering the adition of any candidate to a panel the Field Trials Sub-Committee will seek reports from all ‘A’ Panel judges with whom the candidate has judged during the last 5 calendar years and in the case of a candidate for the ‘B’ Panel for Retrievers or Spaniels from
1 January 2010 onwards, all ‘B’ Panel judges with whom the candidate has judged on or after that date and for a period not exceeding the last five calendar years.
(3) Judging experience must include Stakes judged at Trials held by at least two different societies. Before being added to the Panel for Retrievers or Spaniels candidates for the B Panel must have handled a dog to win at least one Field Trial Stake for the appropriate sub-group and have considerable Field Trial experience. Before being added to the A Panel, candidates must have handled a dog to win at least one Open Stake for the appropriate sub-group and, since being added to the B Panel, have substantially increased their Field Trial experience.
(4) Prospective Judges for Pointers and Setters should have some experience in judging both partridge/pheasant and grouse Trials before being added to any panel.
(5) Before a Judge can be added to a Panel he must have judged:
(i) B Panel: over a minimum period of 3 calendar years, and a maximum period of 5 calendar years:
Retrievers and Spaniels – a minimum of 6 Stakes with at least
5 different A Panel Judges.
Pointers and Setters – a minimum of 4 Trials.
HPRs – a minimum of 4 Stakes with at least 4 different
(ii) A Panel: over a minimum period of 3 calendar years, and a maximum period of 5 calendar years, commencing from the date of appointment to the B Panel:
Retrievers and Spaniels – a minimum of 6 Stakes, of which 3 must have been Open Stakes, with at least 5 different A Panel Judges. Reports must be available from at least 5 different A Panel Co-Judges.
For Pointers and Setters – a minimum of 4 Trials of which at least 2 must have been Open Trials. Reports must be available from at least 4 different A Panel Co-Judges.
HPRs – a minimum of 6 Stakes of which at least one must have been Open. Reports must be available from at least 4 different A Panel Co-Judges.
(iii) Re-Applications: Retrievers and Spaniels – a further 4 Stakes with at least 4 different A Panel Judges. Note: For the A Panel at least 2 Stakes must have been Open.
Pointers and Setters – a minimum of 4 Trials.
HPRs – A further four Stakes of which at least one Stake must have been Open.
Except in exceptional circumstances for re-applications, reports must be available from all Co-Judges.
(6) Before a judge can be added to a Panel he must have attended a Kennel Club Judges’ Training Programme seminar on Kennel Club J Regulations for the appropriate sub-group and have passed the examination.
A dog must, at the time of entry for a Trial be registered as required by Kennel Club Rules and Regulations in the owner ’s name (or registration of transfer applied for). In the case of joint registered owners the full name of every registered owner must be given.
Where an owner makes an entry on behalf of another joint registered owner(s) or where an agent enters on behalf of a single or joint registered owner(s), such person must have the authority and consent from the single or joint registered owner(s) to sign the entry form on their behalf thereby binding them all to Kennel Club Rules and Regulations. In the event of any dispute, evidence of such authority and consent will be required.
A dog acquired subsequent to entry having been made at a Trial may compete as the new owners property provided that an application for the transfer has been forwarded to the Kennel Club before the Trial, and the new owner has undertaken to abide by the Regulations and conditions of the original entry form (and in accordance with the conditions set out above).
a. An entry is an application, on a copy of an official Kennel Club entry form supplied by a registered society, for a named dog, registered at the Kennel Club or which has an Authority to Compete (ATC) number, in the name of the owner, to run in a Stake, subject to any conditions laid down in these Regulations and must comply with Regulation B20 in the Kennel Club Year Book (Regulations for Classification and Registration).
b. A nomination is a request by a named person to enter a dog. In the event of a ballot, those drawn for places will be sent an Entry Form for a named dog, which is eligible for the Stake and registered at the Kennel Club, in their name.
c. A society may make its own arrangements as regards dates of closing of entries or nominations and, except where otherwise defined in the Regulations, conditions of Stakes.
d. A society may reserve to itself the right to refuse any entry or nomination, except that this shall not apply in terms of the preference in the draw regulations (ref. J7.i).
e. If entries or nominations exceed the number of permitted runners, the right to compete in a Trial shall be decided by ballot (subject to Regulation J7.i. which relates to preference in the draw for Open Stakes). The society must publish the result of this ballot in full to all applicants.
f. After an applicant has been successful in the draw for a place in a Stake, or as a reserve has accepted an offer of a run, if the run is not taken up the applicant may become liable for the full entry fee if his or her place is not taken up by another competitor except :-
(1) Where the applicant has qualified out of Novice Stakes (where applicable) or
(2) Where the dog drawn to run has qualified for the Championship after entries have closed or
(3) On production of a Veterinary Certificate confirming that the dog entered for the Stake is unfit to compete or
(4) On production of a medical certificate that the applicant or the applicants nominated handler is unable to compete.
g. Societies must ensure that all eligible owners are given the opportunity of having their preferred dog entered into the first ballot providing it is appropriately qualified. They may, or may not, after such an entry has been accepted, allow an applicant to substitute a dog before a Trial with another dog owned by him: the dog must, however, be eligible and, where a preferential draw is held, it must have the necessary qualifications. Societies, if allowing substitution, must show this clearly on the schedule. Societies may have discretion to confine the handling of dogs to one dog per owner. (See also J9.b.(6))
h. A member of a society which runs two Open Retriever Stakes in a season, and who enters and is successful in the draw for each of those Stakes, may be asked by the society which of the Stakes he/she wishes to run in. This must be clearly stated on both schedules.
i. Preference in the draw for Open Stakes
A First, Second, Third or Fourth in a 24-Dog Open Stake. First,
Second or Third in a 12-Dog Open Stake. First in All Age or Novice Stakes.
A First, Second or Third in an Open Stake or a First in an All Age or
To qualify for preference in the draw in an Open Spaniel Stake, the dog must have gained the appropriate places in a Stake open to its breed.
(3) Pointers and Setters
A First, Second or Third in an Open Stake.
A First or two Seconds in All Age, Novice or Puppy Stakes. (4) Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve
A First, Second or Third in an Open Stake.
A First or Second in an All Age Stake or First in a Novice Stake.
j. In Open Stakes, a society may give preference in the draw to its own members, but this must be given in the following order only:
(1) Members’ dogs which have gained places as shown above.
(2) Non-members’ dogs which have gained places as shown above. (3) Members’ dogs which have gained other places.
(4) Non-members’ dogs which have gained other places. (5) Other dogs.
The foregoing places must have been gained in a Stake qualifying for entry in the Kennel Club Stud Book. If a competitor enters more than one similarly qualified dog his first ‘preferred dog’ must be balloted for in the normal manner. ‘Second’ and subsequent dogs must then be placed in separate ballots before entries are drawn from other categories.
k. The Secretary of the society shall retain all entry forms of competitors for twelve months after the meeting, and produce any of them to the Secretary of the Kennel Club if so requested.
8. Awards and Prizes
a. An award is any placing in a Stake decided by the Judges which may be
First, Second, Third or Fourth.
b. The following may also be conferred at the discretion of the Judges: at a Championship Diplomas of Merit, and in other Stakes, Certificates of Merit.
c. A prize is a reward for merit in competition.
d. All prize money must be paid within one month of the date of the Field Trial, and paid subject to return in the event of a subsequent disqualification.
e. The amount of prize money offered by a society may be varied to relate to the number of entries received and may be reduced if the full number of entries is not received.
f. Awards at a Field Trial must be discrete; equal awards are prohibited.
g. The Judges are empowered and instructed to withhold any prize or Award if, in their opinion, the dogs competing do not show sufficient merit.
9. Control of Dogs and Competitors under Trial
The management of a Field Trial shall be the responsibility of the society
to which the licence is issued.
(1) A Chief Steward, who should be present throughout the Trial, must be appointed by the committee of the Society and shall be responsible for ensuring the regulations are observed. The Chief Steward must not interfere with the Judges’ decisions which are final but should, however, decide upon any matter not related to judging which is not provided for in the rules and regulations. The Chief Steward may call upon the Judges to assist with such a decision and that decision shall be final.
(2) Societies must ensure that the draw for the initial order of running
shall take place as stated in the schedule, and each dog entered must be given a number that accords with its place in the draw.
(3) A handler and dog must always be available to pick up wounded game when required as agreed between host and society.
b. Handling and Competing
(1) All competitors must be present when the Chief Steward
announces that the Trial has commenced, and subsequently when required by the Judges. However, a competitor who is not present when the Chief Steward announces that the Trial has commenced, and whose number has been allocated to the next available reserve, forfeits his run in the Trial. Should a competitor be delayed by circumstances which are exceptional in the opinion of the Chief Steward of the organising society, then the competitor may still be allowed to take the run, in order of draw, providing he/she is available when required in line by the Judges.
(2) No person attending a Trial may allow a bitch in season to be on the Field Trial ground or to foul any ground to be used by competing dogs.
(3) If, after consultation with the Judges, the Chief Steward considers a dog unfit to compete, by reason of contagious disease or physical condition, such a dog shall be required to be removed immediately from the ground and from the Trial.
(4) Any person in charge of a dog at a Field Trial must at all times ensure that the dog is kept under proper control whilst at the meet, or venue of the Trial, and while travelling to or from the meet or venue in any transport provided for that purpose.
(5) All handlers must carry out the instructions of the Judges who are empowered to turn out of the Stake any dog whose handler does not obey them, or whose handler wilfully interferes with another competitor or dog.
(6) Except in the Championships, no handler may handle more than two dogs in a Stake for Retrievers, Spaniels or Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve, or more than 5 dogs in any Stake for Pointers and Setters. (See also J7.g).
(7) An owner, having deputed the handling of a dog to another, may be in the line while the dog is working, but must take no part in the working the dog.
(8) There shall be no substitution of handler once a Stake at a Field
Trial has commenced.
(9) A handler must ensure that only the number of the dog being handled at the time is displayed.
(10) No person shall carry out punitive correction or harsh handling at a Field Trial.
(11) Only in cases of physical disability, and with the permission of the
Judges, may a handler carry a stick whilst working his dog.
(12) No competitor may withdraw a dog or leave the Trial ground without the permission of a Judge or Chief Steward.
(13) The Kennel Club’s Codes of Conduct specify the sort of behaviour expected of those who take part in competitive gundog work.
Participants should be aware of their contents and, in particular, should never publicly impugn decisions of the Judge or Judges. Neither should they criticise the host, ground or guns.
10. Championships and Champion Stake
a. The following Championships and Champion Stake may be held annually:
(1) The IGL Retriever Championship.
(2) The English Springer Spaniel Championship. (3) The Cocker Spaniel Championship.
(4) The Pointer and Setter Champion Stake.
(5) The Hunt, Point and Retrieve Championship.
b. The conditions governing the Championships and Champion Stake and the lists of societies approved to hold Open Stakes shall be reviewed annually by the General Committee and published as early as possible each year in the Kennel Gazette.
11. Removal of Dog(s) From the Trial
A dog shall be removed from the Trial if it is:
a. A bitch which is in season
b. Suffering from any infectious or contagious disease.
c. Interfering with the safety or chance of winning of an opponent.
d. Of such temperament or is so much out of control as to be a danger to the safety of any person or other animal.
e. Likely to cause suffering to the dog it it continues competing.
a. An objection to a breach of Kennel Club Regulation(s) may be made direct to the Secretary of the Trial before the end of the Trial. As an alternative, an objection may be lodged directly with the Kennel Club within seven days after the last day of the Trial, and under these circumstances a copy of the objection must be sent to the Field Trial Secretary.
When an objection is lodged the following information must be given: A statement detailing the objection, quoting the relevant Regulation(s). The objection fee of £35, or such amount as may from time to time be decided by the General Committee.
The name and address of the objector.
The name and address of the owner of the dog (if relevant). All relevant evidence.
The objection fee may be returned after consideration of the objection.
b. The right to lodge an objection to a dog or any action taken at a Trial is limited to anyone in attendance at the Trial, or the owner of a dog competing or his accredited representative, provided they are not under a term of suspension imposed by the Kennel Club.
c. No objection shall be invalidated solely on the grounds that it was incorrectly lodged.
d. With the exception of objections made under J11, the dog should be allowed to compete and a full report made to the Kennel Club.
e. Objections or alleged breaches of Kennel Club Regulations shall be referred to the General Committee of the Kennel Club who have the power to delegate the hearing of the objection or breach of Regulation to the relevant sub-committee or may decide to refer the matter for disciplinary action under Kennel Club Rule A11.
f. Any appeal against the relevant sub-committee decision must be lodged within fourteen days of the decision being given and will be subject to the prescribed appeals procedure as shall be determined by the General Committee from time to time.
13. Disqualification and Forfeit of Awards
a. A dog may be disqualified by the General Committee from winning an award, whether an objection has been lodged or not, if it is proved amongst other things:-
(1) To have undergone surgical interference with the structure of the vocal cords for non-therapeutic reasons.
(2) To have been entered for a Field Trial not recognised by the
(3) To have been entered by a person disqualified or suspended under
Kennel Club Rules.
(4) To have been entered for a Field Trial not in accordance with the
Regulations of the Kennel Club.
(5) To have been registered or recorded as owned by one of the scheduled Judges within a period of twelve months prior to the Trial. This provision does not apply to Judges appointed in an emergency.
(6) To have been handled at a Trial, boarded or prepared for competition by one of the scheduled Judges within the previous twelve months prior to the Trial. This provision does not apply to Judges appointed in an emergency.
(7) To have been the subject of any other default, omission, action or incident occurring at or in connection with the Trial rendering it unfair that the award should be allowed to stand.
(8) If a dog be disqualified, the prize to which it would otherwise have been entitled shall be forfeited. The Committee may at its discretion move up the dog or dogs next in order of merit (up to and including reserve or fourth place) to take the prize or prize(s).
14. Fraudulent or Discreditable Conduct at Trials
a. The organising society of a Trial must immediately report in writing to the Secretary of the Kennel Club any case of alleged fraudulent or discreditable conduct, or any default, omission or incident at, or in connection with, the Trial which may come to its notice, even where parties concerned have indicated that they intend taking no action. The society, at the same time, must forward to the Secretary of the Kennel Club all documents and information pertaining to its report.
b. If evidence is placed before the General Committee to its satisfaction that undue influence has been exercised by any person, or that any improper means have been adopted to obtain, or interfere with, the
appointment of a Judge or the participation by any dog at any Trial under Kennel Club Regulations, the General Committee may require all correspondence and evidence in connection with the case to be produced in order that it may deal with the offenders under Rule A11 of the Rules of the Kennel Club.
15. Fines and Penalties
The General Committee shall have power to fine any person for breaches of Kennel Club Regulations subject to a right of appeal, notice of intention of which must be lodged within fourteen days from the date on which the decision is given, and subject to the prescribed appeal process as shall be determined by the General Committee from time to time. In the event of such fines not being paid within the time stipulated by the General Committee, that person may, at the discretion of the General Committee, be dealt with as if a complaint under Kennel Club Rule A11 had been lodged and proved to the satisfaction of the General Committee.
Annex A to J Regulations
THE MANAGEMENT, CONDUCT AND JUDGING OF FIELD TRIALS
a. A Field Trial should be run as nearly as possible to an ordinary day’s shooting.
b. All Competitors, Judges and Officials must be present when the Secretary or Chief Steward has announced the Trial has commenced or when the Trial is deemed to have commenced.
c. The Chief Steward should liaise closely with the Steward of the Beat who will have planned which ground is to be used for the Trial. He or she should, where necessary, welcome all on behalf of the society and introduce the Host, Steward of the Beat, Judges, Guns and other officials. The Chief Steward, moreover, should explain the outline of the day, with instructions about transport, lunch, toilets and other arrangements. The Chief Steward should also issue warnings on safety.
d. At the end of the day, the Chief Steward should ensure that the Host, Guns, Judges and officials are properly thanked.
e. Dogs must not wear any form of collar when under the orders of the
Judges except for identification where necessary.
f. Dogs must be excluded from further participation in the Stake if they have committed an ‘eliminating fault’. The Judges may also discard dogs for ‘major faults’. Where a dog is eliminated for ‘hard mouth’ all the Judges must have examined the injured game before the dog is discarded. The handler shall also be given the opportunity of examining the game in the presence of the Judges, but the decision of the Judges is final.
2. Water Tests
a. A Water Test requires a dog to enter water readily and swim to the satisfaction of the Judges.
b. If a separate Water Test is included as part of a Stake, all dogs placed in the awards must have passed this test.
c. A handler is not entitled to ask for a shot to be fired.
Where a Special Water Test is conducted for part qualification for the title of Field Trial Champion (in accordance with the provisions of Kennel Club Regulations for entries in the Stud Book, Champions, and Warrants, paragraphs K2.c), it must be held between September 1 and April 1 inclusive.
a. The task of the Judges is to find the dog which, on the day, pleases them most by the quality of its work from the shooting point of view. They must, therefore, take natural game-finding to be of the first importance in Field Trials.
A Judge must also have a very good working knowledge of the breed or
breeds under Trial and have the interest and future of the breed or breeds at heart, since final placings may influence breeding plans and so determine the course of breed development.
b. No Judge should accept an invitation to judge a Trial, and no competitor should enter a Trial, unless they are fully conversant with the current Field Trial Regulations.
The Chief Steward of a Field Trial should ensure that each of the Judges at a Field Trial has a copy of the current Field Trial Regulations.
c. Judges are responsible for the proper conduct of the Trial in accordance with Kennel Club Rules and Field Trial Regulations and the Schedule for the Stake. Judges are also expected to maintain and abide by the highest standards in accordance with the appropriate Codes of Best Practice as published from time to time.
d. All Judges, Chief Stewards and others responsible for the organisation of the Trial should be courteous and co-operative with the Host and Steward of the Beat and fall in with their arrangements to achieve the best result possible in an atmosphere of friendliness and confidence.
e. At the start of the day, the Judges should be introduced to each other and decide their positions in the line which will remain the same throughout the body of the Stake. The Judges should brief the guns and handlers and if, at any time, conditions force them to depart from the arrangements they have set out the Chief Steward should be informed so that he or she can advise the competitors, guns and others affected.
f. Judges should also make themselves aware of any special prizes which are to be awarded in the Stake.
g. Judges should ask the Steward of the Beat what the game position is likely to be and regulate the amount of work or number of retrieves for each dog accordingly. At driven Trials Judges should, after consultation with the Steward of the Beat, ensure that dogs sitting at a drive are positioned as to have the best opportunity to retrieve runners or wounded game during the drive (they should also, however, be mindful of Regulation J(A)4.b). They should moreover satisfy themselves that arrangements have been made for the collection of dead or wounded game not gathered by the competing dogs and where necessary its humane despatch.
h. Judges should make sure that they have the correct dogs in the line.
i. Judges should be careful for the safety of dogs and should not require them to negotiate hazards such as dangerous barbed wire fences, ice on ponds, unsupervised roadways or walls with high drops. Whilst Judges should take reasonable precautions for the safety of competing dogs, it is also the duty of the handler to satisfy himself or herself that their dog is suitably trained, physically fit and prepared to undertake the work allocated by the Judges before directing it to carry out the task specified.
j. A higher standard of work is expected in Stakes which carry a qualification for the title of Field Trial Champion.
k. All Judges must certify on the Game Certificate that they have been satisfied that the conditions at the Stake were such as to enable the dogs to be satisfactorily tested. If there is not sufficient game the Stake must be considered void.
l. It is the duty of the Judges to give dogs every opportunity to work well by seeing that conditions are, as far as possible, in their favour. In all Trials the work of the dog is much affected by the way the handler behaves. Noisy handling, however occasioned, is a major fault. A good handler will appear to do little but watch his dog while maintaining at all times perfect control over it.
m. Judges should keep their opinions strictly to themselves and act on what happens on the day or days of the Trial at which they are judging, forgetting past performance.
n. At the end of each retrieve or run, Judges are advised to place each dog in a category such as A or B (+ or -) according to the work done. Such gradings may, quite properly, be supplemented on occasion by additional notation for reference purposes when Judges are going through their books. It is, however, imperative to appreciate that gradings must never be retrospectively adjusted. Neither should there ever be any attempt to sum sequences of grades to produce a single letter grading of a dog. When all dogs have been seen by a Judge, or Judges, they will wish to confer to determine which dogs they wish to discard or retain; it is vitally important for Judges to make short notes of each dog’s work. Judges should never expect to be able to trust to memory.
o. Judges on the A Panel should bear in mind that they will be asked for assessments of B Panel or non-panel Judges with whom they officiate.
4. For all Sub-groups Required to Retrieve
a. A dog should be steady to shot and fall of game and should retrieve tenderly to hand on command. Handlers shall not send their dog until directed by the Judge.
b. Judges at Open Stakes and Championships should ask their guns not to shoot directly over a dog when it is already out working on a retrieve. In other Stakes, Judges should ask their guns not to shoot when a dog is already out working on a retrieve unless by so doing they are certain there would be no chance of distracting the dog from its task.
c. All wounded game should, where possible, be gathered and/or despatched immediately. Unless exceptional circumstances prevail then wounded game should always be tried for before dead game. If game cannot be gathered, the Judge must depute this task to the official handler and dog appointed for this purpose.
d. If game is shot very close to a dog which would make a retrieve of no value, the retrieve may be offered to a dog under another Judge. During the first round of the Stake dogs should, whenever possible, have the opportunity to pick game shot by their own guns.
e. Handlers should be instructed where to try from and be given reasonable directions as to where the game fell. If the dogs tried fail to complete the retrieve the Judges should search the area of fall and, if they find the game, the dogs tried, save in exceptional circumstances, will be eliminated. However, should a dog or dogs prove to have been tried in the wrong area they should not be so penalised.
f. Good marking is essential in a retrieving dog as it should not disturb
ground unnecessarily. Judges should give full credit to a dog which goes straight to the fall and gets on with the job. Similarly, the ability to take the line of a hare, wounded rabbit or bird should be credited.
g. A good retrieve will include a quick and unfussy pick-up followed by a fast return. The handler should not have to snatch or drag game from the dog’s mouth. Whilst Judges should not penalise a dog too heavily for putting game down to get a firmer grip, they must never, however, condone sloppy retrieving.
A good game-finding dog should not rely on the handler to find the game. It should, however, be obedient and respond to its handler’s signals where necessary.
Dogs showing game-finding ability and initiative when hunting and retrieving should be placed above those which have to be handled to their game. Usually, the best dog seems to require the least handling. It appears to have an instinctive knowledge of direction and makes a difficult find look simple and easy.
h. If a dog is performing indifferently on a runner, it must be called up promptly. If more dogs are tried on the runner, the work of all these dogs must be assessed in relation to the order in which they are tried. The handlers of the second and subsequent dogs down may be allowed to take their dogs towards the fall, as may the handler of the first dog if it has not had a chance to mark the game. Game picked by the second or a subsequent dog constitutes an “eye wipe”. Dogs which have had their eyes wiped during the body of the Stake, however it may have occurred, will be discarded. All eye wipes should be treated on their merits.
If the first dog sent shows ability by acknowledging the fall and making a workmanlike job of the line or the area, it need not automatically be barred from the awards by failing to produce the game provided that the game is not collected by another dog tried by the Judges, or by the Judges themselves, when searching the area which they directed the handler to search. Moreover, there will be occasions when circumstances make it impossible to send a dog promptly. If this happens and a significant delay ensues, a dog disadvantaged in this way should not be penalised as a first dog down.
i. All game should be examined for signs of hard mouth. A hard-mouthed dog seldom gives visible evidence of hardness. The dog will simply crush in one or both sides of the ribs. Visible inspection and blowing up the feathers on a bird will not disclose the damage, digital examination is imperative.
Place the game on the palm of the hand, breast upwards, head forward, and feel the ribs with fingers and thumb. They should be round and firm. If they are caved in or flat this may be evidence of hard mouth. Be sure the game reaches the co-Judges for examination.
Judges should always satisfy themselves that the damage done has been caused by the dog, not by the shot or fall. Judges, for instance, must be clear about the difference between damage to the ribcage caused by shot and the quite distinctive damage caused by a dog.
Handlers must be given the opportunity of inspecting the damaged
game in the presence of the Judges, but the decision of the Judges is final.
A sure sign of good mouth is a dog bringing in live game whose head is up and eye bright. Superficial damage, if any, in this case can be ignored. At times, the rump of a strong runner may be gashed and look ugly. Care should be taken here, as it may be the result of a difficult capture or lack of experience in mastering a strong runner by a young dog.
There should be no hesitation or sentiment with hard mouth. The dog must be eliminated.
Annex B to J Regulations
1. Basic Requirements
Dogs shall be required to be steady by the handler whilst being shot over until commanded to quest for dead or wounded game, from land or water, and retrieve tenderly to hand.
Any dog which does not fulfil the basic requirements shall not receive an award or a Certificate of Merit.
. Number of Runners
2. Basic Requirements
With the exception of the Retriever Championship, to qualify for entry in the Kennel Club Stud Book, the number of runners permitted in Stakes is as follows:
(a) Two-day Open Stakes: maximum 24, minimum 20. (b) One-day Open Stakes: maximum 12, minimum 10. (c) Other Stakes per day: maximum 16, minimum 10.
(a) The order of running shall be the order of the draw unless, in exceptional circumstances with the Judges approval it is decided to split the competitors.
(b) Initially, the dog with the lowest number under each Judge should be placed on the Judge’s right. When there are three Judges for a Stake they must judge singly and when there are four Judges they must judge in pairs. If two of the four Judges are not Panel Judges they must not judge together. Moreover, if there are only two A Panel Judges present they must not judge together.
(c) All dogs, unless discarded, must be tried in the first two rounds by more than one Judge if there are three Judges, or by more than one pair of Judges if there are four. Whether the Trial is run in numerical order or split in exceptional circumstances dogs must not come into line in the second round under the same Judges as in the first round. After the second round, dogs may be called back into line in numerical order to either side in a four Judge system or to any Judge in a three Judge system.
(d) In the event that the dogs are to be split between the Judges, this will be done odds and evens. Where the Trial is to be run under the
4 judge system, in the first round the odd numbered dogs will be seen by the right hand judges and the evens by the left hand judges. Where this system is adopted, in the second round the odd numbered dogs remaining in the Trial must be seen by the left hand judges and the evens by the right hand judges. The Judges can thereafter continue to rotate the dogs remaining in the stake in this way until they get together for a run-off, when the order of sending shall revert to numerical order.
(e) Where the Trial is to be run under the three judge system, the dogs
should be split equally, and in numerical order, between the three judges, i.e. 1,2,3,4 with the right hand judge, 5,6,7,8 with the middle judge and 9, 10, 11 and 12 with the left hand judge in a 12 dog stake and 1-8, 9-16 and 17-24 in a two day. Dogs should then rotate from right to left so that the dogs under the left hand judge in the first round should be seen by the right hand judge next and so on. The rotation should continue until a run-off when numerical order will resume.
4. Credit Points
Natural gamefinding ability. Control.
Drive and style. Quiet handling. Good retrieving and delivery. Nose.
Quickness in gathering game. Marking ability.
5. Eliminating Faults
Hard mouth. Whining or barking. Running in. Out of control. Failing to enter water. Refusal to retrieve. Changing game whilst retrieving. Chasing.
6. Major Faults
Unsteadiness at heel. Being eye wiped. Disturbing ground. Poor control.
Slack and un-businesslike work. Failing to find dead or wounded game.
Noisy or inappropriate handling. Sloppy retrieving and delivery.
7. Trial Procedure
a. The Three Judge System
If there is one A Panel Judge, then it is advisable that he or she takes the
centre of the line, to be available to the other Judges if required, and be able to keep some contact with all the line.
b. The Four Judge System
If there are only two A Panel Judges they should not judge together. c. The Line
(1) In walked-up trials the Steward of the Beat will be in charge of the
line and dictate the pace of the line.
(2) In a three Judge walked-up Trial, the Judges will be positioned left,
centre and right. Each Judge will usually have two guns shooting
for him and he would normally place himself and his dogs
between his guns. If there are extra guns then it should be decided
which Judge they are to shoot for. This will go a long way towards
avoiding two dogs being sent for the same game.
d. (1) Dogs must walk steadily at heel and sit quietly at drives.
(2) If the game situation permits, two retrieves in the first round, then
one retrieve in the second round is the usual procedure. It is
imperative that the Chief Steward should be informed of any dogs
eliminated or discarded for any reason. This will enable the Chief Steward to have the correct dogs available when required. It is, however, the Judge or Judge’s responsibility to ensure that the right dogs are in line.
(3) The Chief Steward should send in the second round dogs to the appropriate Judge when there is a vacancy in the line (paragraph J(B)1.c refers). Second round dogs should have their opportunity to be tried against first round dogs when the situation arises.
(4) A Judge should be most careful to see that each dog gets its chance in the correct order, starting with the lowest number on the right. Should dog No. 1 fail, and dog No. 2 be successful, so eliminating his partner, No. 2 still has the first chance on the next retrieve. In these circumstances a dog may be given two consecutive retrieves.
(5) When a Judge tries his dogs, for example No. 1 and No. 2, behind other dogs, if No. 1 dog is successful, then the next retrieve under that Judge should be offered to No. 2 dog. If the two dogs fail on game, the Judge should not call fresh dogs into the line to try for the retrieve until all the other dogs already in the line have been tried. In the concluding stages of a Trial, Judges may use their own discretion as the situation arises.
(6) In walked-up Trials if one part of the line is starved of game and the dogs have been down under that Judge or Judges for quite some time then another Judge or Judges, who may have been getting more game shot by their guns, could offer one or more of his guns to the Judge or Judges who are short of game. The handlers should be made
aware of these arrangements. It is quite unfair in the body of the Trial for a Judge to offer dead game to a co-Judge whilst asking their own dogs to try for the runners.
(7) A first dog failure, is when the first dog to be tried on a retrieve, fails. However, if there is any significant delay in sending a dog, then it should not be penalised as a first dog failure when the game is not subsequently picked by another dog, tried by the Judges, or by the Judges searching the area which the handler has been directed to search.
When the Judges decide to run-off the top few dogs to confirm their final placings, they will usually position themselves together in the centre of the line or, at least, in a position where they can see all the dogs working. At this stage in the Trial, a dog may be stretched to such a degree that it may fail and be eye-wiped. In this situation the dog which has had its eye-wiped would be penalised, but could still feature in the awards.
9. Multiple handling
If two or more dogs are handled by the same person:
a. In a walked up Trial the accepted practice is for the handler to have his lowest numbered dog in line with his other dog or dogs on the lead held by a deputy out of the line, but in reasonably close proximity at the discretion of the Judges. On leaving the line the handler should exchange the dog with the deputy for his next lowest numbered dog and return to the line when instructed to do so by the Judges or dog steward.
b. In a driven Trial a handler who has more than one dog may be expected to have all his dogs in line at a drive. A deputy should be in reasonably close proximity at the discretion of the Judges and the handler, ready to put the other dog or dogs on the lead should the handler be asked to send one of the dogs for a retrieve during the drive. At the end of the drive all dogs, other than the dog which the Judges wish to try next in its turn, should be taken out of line and should be held by the deputy on the lead until required in line. When directed to do so by the Judges, the handler should exchange the dog in line with the deputy for his next lowest numbered dog and reurn to the line when instructed to do so by the Judges or dog steward.
c. These procedures apply not only in the body of the Stake, but also in the run off.
Annex C to J Regulations
1. Basic Requirements
Dogs shall be required to quarter ground hunting for game and other quarry species (hereafter game), to be steady to flush, shot and fall and to retrieve tenderly to hand on command.
Any dog which does not fulfil these basic requirements shall not receive an award or a Certificate of Merit.
2. Number of Runners
With the exception of the Cocker and English Springer Spaniel Championships, to qualify for entry in the Kennel Stud Book, the number of runners permitted in stakes in as follows:
a. Open Stakes – maximum 18, minimum 14. b. Other Stakes – maximum 18, minimum 12.
c. Spaniel (Cocker) and Spaniel (English Springer) Championships – no maximum number.
Open Spaniel Stakes are presently confined to Spaniels (Cocker) and
Spaniels (English Springer).
Where possible dogs should be run in pairs, one dog under each Judge or pair of Judges. In the first round, odd numbers will run under the right-hand Judge(s) in consecutive order and, unless eliminated or discarded, will run in the second round under the left-hand Judge(s) and vice versa. A handler who is running two dogs in the Stake may already be running a dog when called for a run with his or her other dog. The Judge(s) should then call the next dog on that side to allow continuity of the Stake. When this occurs the Stake must revert to the original running order at the earliest opportunity. After the second round of a Stake is completed the Judges may call up any dogs they please and in any order.
4. Credit points
Natural gamefinding ability. Marking ability. Drive. Style.
Control. Quiet handling. Clean quick retrieving and good delivery.
5. Eliminating faults
Hard mouth. Whining or barking. Missing game on the beat. Running in or chasing. Failing to enter water. Refusal to retrieve.
Out of control. Picking wrong retrieve. Being eye wiped. Changing game whilst
6. Major faults
Disturbing ground. Poor control.
Catching healthy game. Not stopping to flush. Noisy handling. Not quartering or making
Not stopping to shot and game.
Failing to find dead or wounded game (subject to J(A)4.h.).
7. Trial Procedure
A Spaniel’s first job is to hunt and find game and flush it within range of the handler. A Spaniel should at all times work within range with good treatment of ground and must not miss game on the beat it is working. During this period, the Judge(s) can assess the game-finding ability, pace, drive, and, possibly, courage. A dog should have drive and face cover well, but at the same time, should be lively and biddable. In short it should be exciting and a pleasure to watch. It should show good treatment of ground with a minimum of help from its handler. All things being equal, the stylish dog should be given credit. However, Judge(s) should be satisfied that the fast stylish dog is also the best gamefinder.
The direction of the wind has a considerable influence on the way a dog will work ground. With a head-on wind the dog should quarter the ground systematically, left to right and vice versa, making good all likely game-holding cover, but keeping within gunshot distance of the handler. With a following wind it could be very different. The dog will often want to pull well out, then work back towards the handler. Judge(s) must regulate the pace of the line to allow the dog to do this and make good its ground.
When hunting, lines and foot scents should be ignored. Persistent pulling on foot scents is unprofitable and can result in game being missed. However, the ability to take the line to a shot rabbit or hare and birds which have run should be credited.
A run without a find should not automatically bar a dog from the final placings.
8. Any game caught by a dog whilst hunting must be retrieved to its handler and handed to the Judge(s) for despatch. After examination the Judge(s) may discard the dog unless there are extenuating circumstances.
9. It is a refinement if a dog indicates the presence of game before flushing the game positively.
10. A dog should stop to flush, game and shot, but if it moves in order to mark the fall, if this is obscured, this shows intelligence and should be credited.
11. A Spaniel should pick up cleanly, return quickly and deliver tenderly to hand. Such a retrieve is desirable; but too much should not be made of a momentary check if the dog has had a long gruelling hunt up to the time of flushing, thus making the retrieve possible. This should be allowed for. Whenever possible, and always bearing the conditions in mind, a dog should not be sent on a long unseen retrieve, but should be taken to within a reasonable distance of the fall.
Normally, it is unwise to try more than two dogs on one retrieve. If both dogs are tried and fail to complete the retrieve and the Judges have satisfactorily searched the area, the line will continue to move forward. Should any subsequent dog find dead or wounded game, however, this will not necessarily be considered to be an eye-wipe.
12. Judges should refrain from holding a conversation with anyone whilst a dog is actively competing. From the moment the dog starts working, Judges should make every effort to keep the dog in view. When the dog is sent out for a retrieve, the Judges should also, where possible, observe the dogs’ every move until the game is delivered to hand.
13. Judges are under an obligation never to waste game and if a spare retrieve becomes available it must be offered in the first instance to the dog on the other side, if this dog has not yet had a retrieve. The Judges may subsequently offer a spare retrieve to a dog that has already had a satisfactory run without a retrieve in sequence starting with the lowest number.
It is desirable to place the dogs on their work in the body of the Stake. If the Judges are unable to do this then the dogs may be further assessed by running them side by side. The main consideration now should be style, pace, ground treatment and each dog’s response to its handler. Judges must ensure that competitors do not interfere with the other handler or dog (Regulation J9.b(5)). In this run-off stage dogs will only be discarded if they commit eliminating faults.
Annex D to J Regulations
Pointers and Setters
1. Basic Requirements
Dogs shall be required to quarter ground systematically with pace and style in search of gamebirds, to point gamebirds, to be steady to flush and shot and, where applicable, to fall. Dogs should not be gun shy. The dog should work its point out freely, on command, without the handler either touching the dog or moving in front of it.
Any dog which does not fulfil the basic requirements shall not receive an award or a Certificate of Merit.
2. Number of runners
With the exception of the Pointer and Setter Champion Stake, to qualify for entry in the Kennel Club Stud Book, the number of runners permitted in stakes is as follows:-
a. Open Stakes: maximum 40, minimum 16.
b. Novice/All Aged Stakes: maximum 45, minimum 12. c. Puppy Stakes: maximum 45, minimum 8.
Where an Open and any other type of stake are to run on the same day, the maximum number of runners over the whole day is 45.
Dogs are to be run in pairs and their handlers must walk within a reasonable distance of one another as though shooting together. Dogs should be placed as drawn on the card, with the first number on the left, and every dog must be brought up in its proper turn without delay.
Prior to the Stake and before the commencement of each round a draw will be made. For second and subsequent rounds, if the Judges are satisfied that they have identified the dogs which will figure in the awards, they may run them in pairs as they see fit, to establish the final places. When an handler has more than one dog in a Stake, those dogs shall, when a draw takes place, be kept separate in every round.
When in any round in a Stake the number of dogs is unequal, the dog whose number is drawn last must be run against a dog chosen by the Judges. No dog shall have a second such bye.
The Judges may require any dogs to wear distinguishing collars.
7. The whole quality of a dog’s work must be taken into consideration, not just the number of points it has made. The Judges should be looking for credit qualities rather than trying to eliminate dogs, and it is the better dogs which
should be fully tried, not wasting ground and time on those with little or no merit. Minor faults should not be too heavily penalised when a dog has done good sound work. A dog’s work should be exciting and a pleasure to watch, as would appeal to and interest guns particularly if gamebirds are scarce.
8. Credit points
Systematically quartering with stamina pace and style. Hunting with drive and purpose.
Style on point and production. Natural backing. Dropping to wing. Quiet handling.
9. Eliminating faults
Flushing up wind. Out of control.
Chasing fur or feather. Unsteadiness to game. Whining or barking. Blinking a point. Stealing a point.
Interfering with the other dog on point. Not dropping to flush down wind.
Missing gamebirds on the beat. Without merit.
10. Major faults
Poor ground treatment. Noisy handling. Stickiness on point. Persistent false pointing. Persistent back casting.
11. Each brace should be tried for a reasonable time except when undoubted lack of merit of one or both dogs is confirmed by both Judges.
12. The dog should quarter the appointed ground as drawn with pace and style making good all its ground, working correctly to the wind particularly if downwind or cheek wind, showing gamebird finding ability and working naturally with the minimum of handling. Dogs should be steady to fur, feather, flush and shot.
13. If a dog flushes a gamebird upwind it should be discarded, but if it is working downwind and flushes; or on the first cast runs sideways into gamebirds and drops immediately, having had no chance to wind them, these do not constitute eliminating faults.
14. Judges should appreciate that a backing dog may be disadvantaged in the following circumstances:
If a pointing dog is sticky on point.
If a pointing dog is guilty of persistent false pointing. If a pointing dog is not positive in its workout.
15. When a dog has worked ground and gamebirds are proved to have been left on the beat, that dog has missed gamebirds and should be eliminated. If gamebirds are found on the ground which the dog should have worked but did not cover, the Judges should consider the circumstances before penalising the
dog for faulty ground treatment (but not for missing gamebirds).
16. If, when pointing gamebirds, a dog blinks by leaving the point and continues hunting that dog must be discarded.
17. Judges should appreciate that different breeds have different styles of working and should make themselves conversant with these styles.
18. Judges should conserve the ground by being as decisive as possible. They should keep up with the handlers to try to see everything that takes place, but not try to keep up with a dog that is obviously running out of its ground.
19. If possible, it is desirable that the winner should have run with the second, and the third with the fourth, to minimise the luck of the draw regarding variations in conditions, scent and gamebird supply.
Annex E to J Regulations
Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve
1. Basic Requirements
Dogs shall be required to quarter ground systematically in search of quarry (hereafter game), to point game, to flush on command, to be steady to flush, shot and fall, and to retrieve tenderly to hand on command from land and water.
Any dog which does not fulfil the basic requirements shall not receive an award or a Certificate of Merit.
2. Number of runners
With the exception of the Hunt, Point and Retrieve Championship, to qualify for entry in the Kennel Club Stud Book, the number of runners permitted in Stakes is as follows:
a. Open Stakes: maximum 12, minimum 10. b. Other Stakes: maximum 12, minimum 8.
3. The Trial should run as nearly as possible to an ordinary day’s rough shooting for a small party of guns, numbering not more than 4 in total.
Dogs shall be run singly in order of the draw under two Judges judging as a pair. A dog, unless discarded must have been tried at least twice in the line, and complete a water test on the day of the trial, before it may receive an award or certificate of merit.
5. Credit Points
Systematically quartering with stamina pace and style. Hunting with drive and purpose. Good marking. Style on point and production. Quiet handling. Dropping to wing. Good water work. Speed and efficiency in retrieving.
6. Eliminating faults
Hard mouth. Whining or barking. Flushing up wind. Out of control. Unsteadiness. Running in or chasing. Failure to hunt or point. Blinking a point. Changing game whilst retrieving. Being eye wiped.
Picking wrong retrieve. Refusal to retrieve or swim. Missing game on the beat (excluding hare and snipe).
7. Major faults
Poor ground treatment. Stickiness on point. Persistent false pointing. Disturbing ground
Not stopping to flush down wind. Noisy handling
Not acknowledging game going away Catching unwounded game. Failing to find dead or wounded game (subject to J(A)4.h.).
8. Judges should define the beat to be worked. As much discretion as practical should be left to the handler as to how to work the ground.
9. Judges must judge as a pair, but record their assessments independently having established the categories to be marked. They should see as much work as possible from every dog, particularly those which impress most favourably, and assess this work carefully in every aspect. Judges should remember that the main work of a dog which hunts, points and retrieves is to find game, and present it to the guns so that they have a good chance of a reasonable shot. Particular note should be taken of the following:-
a. Game Finding Ability. This is of the highest importance. The Judge must assess game finding by observing the way the dog works its beat with regard to the wind, covers all likely game holding pockets and responds to scent generally, and also by its drive and sense of purpose.
b. Ground Treatment. In all stakes it is highly desirable that all dogs be worked into the wind wherever possible. Dogs should quarter the beat systematically and with purpose, regulating their pace to suit the type of ground and cover.
If a dog flushes game upwind it should be discarded, but if it is working downwind and flushes or runs sideways into game having had no chance to wind it, these do not constitute eliminating faults. However, the dog should always acknowledge game so flushed and stop.
c. Pointing. Credit will be given to the dog that acknowledges game scent positively, draws in deliberately, points staunchly, flushes only on command and is subsequently steady. Persistent, false or unproductive pointing is a major fault. False pointing may be recognised by the dog leaving its point and immediately showing no further interest in the scent that apparently brought it on point. Unproductive pointing is where the dog points residual scent. Less experienced dogs tend to persist on such unproductive points, thereby wasting time, whereas a more experienced dog will recognise this residual scent for what it is and quickly resume hunting. If, when pointing game, a dog blinks by leaving the point and continues hunting that dog must be eliminated.
d. Retrieving. All retrieves should be completed as quickly as possible so that the progress of the Trial is not interrupted unduly.
e. Style. Before final assessments of the work are made, Judges should consider the style of the dogs. Credit should be given to a dog which embraces grace of movement, stylishness when pointing and retrieving and which shows keenness and competence in what it is doing. Judges should recognise that each breed within the Hunt, Point and Retrieve sub-group has its own individual style, and they should acquaint themselves with these differences.
10. Water Retrieves
a. In Open and All Age Stakes, the water retrieve is a blind retrieve from
across water. If a dog returns by land, it should not be penalised for this unless it wastes time thereby.
b. In Novice Stakes, the water retrieve is a marked retrieve from water with a shot fired.
c. To receive an award, normally a dog must complete a Water Test on the day of the Trial. If, due to unforeseen circumstances, a Water Test cannot take place, or when there are no facilities for a Water Test nearby, a potential award winner may take a Special Water Test allied to that Trial, at a later date, conducted by two Judges, one of whom must be on the A panel.
Having been given a blank Special Water Certificate, it will be the responsibility of the handler of a potential award winner to get the dog tested within three weeks of the Trial. The Water Test may take place at another Trial or independently by arrangement with two Judges. Upon successful completion of a Special Water Test, the handler should send the signed Certificate back to the organising society’s Field Trial Secretary who should then forward it on to the Kennel Club so that the award can be confirmed.
The organising society must notify the Kennel Club that this special arrangement is taking place.
Annex F to J Regulations
SHOW GUNDOG WORKING CERTIFICATE
1. The Show Gundog Working Certificate is not a qualification in itself, however, when awarded it enables the “Sh” to be removed from the title of Show Champion. In no circumstances can the letters SGWC be placed after a dog’s name.
2. A gundog which has won a Challenge Certificate or previously qualified for Crufts through a breed class may be entered for a Show Gundog Working Certificate at a Field Trial or a Show Gundog Working Day for its sub-group, licensed by the Kennel Club, with a minimum of two Judges officiating, of which at least one must be an A Panel Judge.
3. The permission of the society holding the Trial must be obtained and the dog must be entered on the entry form of the meeting. The fee charged by the society should be the same as that for dogs entering the Trial.
4. Societies which are registered with the Kennel Club and which have been authorised to organise Field Trials may apply for permission to organise a Show Gundog Working Day for their relevant sub-group.
5. Retrieving breeds should be tested on freshly shot, unhandled game.
6. The granting of a Show Gundog Working Certificate shall be at the discretion of the Judges at the meeting and all Judges must sign the Certificate.
7. Before signing a Certificate the Judges must be satisfied that the dog fulfilled the following requirements:-
a. The dog has been tested in line.
b. The dog has shown that it is not gunshy.
c. For a Retriever, that it hunted for, and found, dead or wounded game, faced cover, and retrieved tenderly.
d. For a Spaniel, that it hunted, faced cover, produced game and retrieved tenderly.
e. For a Pointer or Setter that it hunted and pointed game.
f. For a Hunt, Point and Retrieve Breed that it hunted, pointed game and retrieved tenderly.
g. For all retrieving breeds, that the dog entered water freely, swam and retrieved. [If a natural retrieve from water is not possible then a dummy may be used and if suitable water is not available the dog is permitted to undertake a Special Water Test as soon as possible after the day, but between 1 September and 1 April, which will be recognised by the issue of a Certificate, to be signed by two Field Trial Panel Judges, one of whom must be on the “A” Panel.]
h. That the dog has not whined or barked in line, subject to the Breed
i. That the dog has been under reasonable control, absolute steadiness is not essential.
8. Judges should be aware of their responsibility when awarding a SGWC, that the dog has been thoroughly tested, and shown sufficient merit to become a Champion. (Regulation J(A)3.a. refers.)
Annex G to J Regulations
KENNEL CLUB REGULATIONS FOR GUNDOG WORKING TESTS
These Regulations should be read alongside and assume a familiarity with, Kennel Club Field Trial Regulations. A copy of these Regulations must be available at all Gundog Working Tests (GWTs.)
a. GWTs are competitions which, by artificially simulating shooting day conditions, seek to assess, without game being shot, the working abilities of the various breeds of Gundog. Cold Game and dummies may be used at the discretion of the organisers.
b. No title used to describe the winners of GWTs will be associated with such competition which is best understood as a means to an end rather than an end in itself.
c. The Kennel Club authorises Registered societies to hold competitive
Gundog Working Tests.
d. Scurries, Pick-Ups, and other similar events are exempt, as are non- competitive Club Training Assessments where no places are on offer. The Kennel Club also recognises that events involving unregistered dogs do sometimes take place. Such events cannot, however, be considered to be GWTs under these Regulations.
e. Application for authority to hold GWTs must be made annually to the Kennel Club and, on the form provided, applicants should indicate the number of GWTs they propose to hold in the forthcoming year.
f. Unaffiliated societies or individuals may also be accorded annual authority to organise GWTs, subject to 1.e. above, and these must be run in accordance with the J(G) Regulations.
g. The GWT year will run from 2nd February to 1st February.
h. (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of these Regulations, certain events which are not authorised by the Kennel Club may from time to time be recognised by the General Committee of the Kennel Club. The General Committee is able to grant permission for Kennel Club registered dogs to be entered for such events.
(2) A Judge, competitor or promoter will not be prejudiced by participation in such unauthorised events.
2. Definition of Gundog Working Tests (GWT)
a. GWTs may be run for any of the three sub-groups of Gundogs recognised by the Kennel Club as detailed below:
(1) Retrievers and Irish Water Spaniels.
(2) Sporting Spaniels other than Irish Water Spaniels. (3) Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve.
b. The following classes of competition are recognised by the Kennel Club:
(1) OPEN. Open to all dogs of a specified breed or breeds, although preference may be given to dogs which have gained a place or certificate of merit at a Field Trial, been placed First, Second or Third in an Open GWT, or won a Novice GWT.
(2) NOVICE. Confined to dogs which have not gained a place or certificate of merit at a Field Trial, been placed First, Second or Third in an Open GWT or First in a Novice GWT held in accordance with Kennel Club Rules and Field Trial Regulations.
(3) PUPPY. Confined to dogs of specific breed or breeds less than eighteen months of age on the date of the test.
(4) UNCLASSIFIED. Open to all dogs of a specified breed or breeds, but may be restricted by conditions as determined by the society. To include Water and Team Tests. A Water Test can include dogs of any sub-group competing together. However, if dogs of more than one sub-group are competing as a Team, each sub-group will compete and be judged in accordance with the Kennel Club Gundog Working Test Regulations relating to that group.
3. Organisation of Gundog Working Tests
a. The organisation shall agree to hold and conduct the tests within the
Rules and Regulations of the Kennel Club.
b. Control of Dogs. The owner, competitor, handler or other person in charge of a dog at Kennel Club authorised events must, at all times, ensure that the dog is kept under proper control whilst at the venue including its environs, car and caravan parks and approaches.
c. GWTs should be organised by a person or persons with experience of dog work under shooting field conditions. Each dog or team of dogs should have, as near as possible, an equal opportunity with any variability in circumstances, as far as possible, minimised.
d. The organisers of GWTs will try, wherever possible, to simulate the circumstances of a shooting day. They must also ensure the tests are designed to further good Gundog work, and not inhibit dogs from marking or showing natural working ability. It is important, for instance, that guns and dummy throwers are positioned with such considerations in mind.
e. The organisers must ensure that competitors are aware of the initial running order, and whether the GWT is to be conducted on cold game or dummies.
f. Final decisions regarding the acceptability of tests lie with the Judge or
g. Only dummies and dead game acceptable to the Judges, will be used for retrieves in GWTs.
h. When dummies are thrown in association with gunfire in retrieving tests, the shot must always precede the thrown dummy and the gun should be positioned a plausible distance from the retrieve. With unseen retrieves gunfire is optional.
i. A dog, when retrieving, must not be required to pass too close to another retrieve.
j. Organisers and Judges must be careful for the safety of dogs and must
not require them to negotiate dangerous obstacles. Whilst Judges should take reasonable precautions for the safety of competing dogs, it is the duty of the handler to satisfy himself or herself that the dog is suitably trained, physically fit and prepared to undertake the work allocated by the Judges before directing his or her dog to undertake the allotted task.
4. Conduct of Gundog Working Tests
a. The organisers must ensure all competitors and Judges are informed that the event is being held under Kennel Club Rules and Field Trial Regulations.
b. The Code of Conduct expected at GWTs is the same as that for Field
c. Those taking part in GWTs shall not openly impugn the decision of the Judges or criticise the host, ground, or helpers. Any cases of alleged misconduct must be reported to the Kennel Club in accordance with Regulation J14 (Fraudulent and Discreditable Conduct at Trials). In particular the provisions of Field Trial Regulations J12 (Objections), J13 (Disqualification and Forfeit of Awards) and J15 (Fines and Penalties) shall apply.
d. All dogs must be registered with the Kennel Club. Each dog to be of a breed included within the relevant sub-group as previously defined.
e. The organisers have the power to exclude dogs from the competition and will have the right to refuse an entry.
f. The organisers may restrict the numbers in a GWT, in which case the right to compete shall be decided by ballot.
g. All Judges must have experience of dog-work under shooting field conditions.
h. In an Open GWT, each sub-group must have at least one Kennel Club
Field Trial Panel Judge officiating.
i. All handlers must carry out the instructions of the Judges. The Judges are empowered to remove from the Test any dog whose handler does not follow their instructions or whose handler wilfully interferes with another competitor or his dog.
j. No person attending a GWT may allow a bitch in season to be on the
Test ground or foul any ground to be used by competing dogs.
k. If, after consultation with the Judges, members of the committee present consider a dog unfit to compete by reason of contagious disease or physical condition such a dog shall be required to be removed immediately from the ground. Any such case is liable to be reported to the Kennel Club.
l. No dog shall wear a collar whilst competing.
m. No person shall carry out punitive correction or harsh handling at a
n. No competitor may withdraw their dog and leave the GWT ground without informing the Chief Steward.
a. Judges must agree a common scoring system. All competitors should be
informed of the scoring system at the commencement of a GWT. But, whatever the system adopted, failure to complete an individual test will result in a mark of zero. A multiple retrieve constitutes one test. If a dog fails or commits a serious fault in any part of a multiple exercise this will result in a mark of zero for that exercise.
b. GWTs will typically be judged on a points system with individual tests marked out of 20 though, on occasion, when their organisation is more akin to that of a Field Trial, letter gradings may be used.
c. Judges must ensure that spectators are a reasonable distance from competitors in line.
d. Judges should give dogs every opportunity to work well by seeing that conditions are, as far as possible, in their favour. They will be looking for dogs, which need the least handling and please them most from a shooting point of view.
e. In all retrieving breeds good marking is essential with a quick pick-up and a fast return. Judges will not penalise a dog too heavily for putting down a retrieve to get a firmer grip, but this must not be confused with sloppy retrieving.
f. Any serious fault or failure in an individual test or tests will disqualify a dog from gaining an individual award and may lead to elimination. In Team Tests, however, one dog’s serious fault or failure will not disqualify a team from the awards. If two or more teams finish on equal points a run-off will be necessary to determine the result.
g. The Judges are empowered to withhold any prize or award if in their opinion competing dogs have not shown sufficient merit.
6. Instructions for Specific Sub-group Tests
(1) At the start of a GWT, Judges must ensure they have the correct dogs in the line, lowest number placed on the right.
(2) A Retriever must be steady to shot and fall and must retrieve only on command. Also, whenever possible, all dogs should be tested at a simulated drive, walking up and in water. A dog must walk steadily at heel.
(3) Good marking is essential with a quick pick-up and a fast return.
Dogs should be credited for showing marking ability and initiative.
(4) If a dog fails a retrieve in the run-offs, it may still feature in the awards.
(5) Credit Points.
Natural marking and hunting ability. Quickness in gathering retrieve and delivery. Nose. Drive and style. Quiet handling. Control.
(6) Serious Faults.
Refusing to retrieve. Whining or barking. Running in or chasing. Out of control. Failing to enter water. Changing retrieve. Poor heel work.
(1) At the start of a GWT, Judges must ensure they have the correct dogs in the line. Dogs must be run either singly or in pairs, with the lowest number on the right.
(2) A Spaniel’s primary task is to find game and flush within range of the handler. In GWTs it should at all times work within that range and demonstrate thorough ground treatment. The direction of the wind has a considerable influence on the way a dog works its ground. With a head-wind the dog should quarter the ground systematically, making good all likely game-holding cover yet keeping within gunshot distance. With a following wind, the dog will often want to pull well out and then work back towards the handler. Judges must regulate the pace of the line to allow the dog to do this so that it can make good its ground. The Judge will assess the handling ability of the dog and also its pace, style, drive, courage and the quality of its ground treatment.
(3) A Spaniel must be steady to flush, shot and fall and retrieve on command from land or water.
(4) When dummies are thrown and gunfire used, the gun and dummy thrower must walk at the edge of the beat the dog is working in line with the handler.
(5) If a dog fails to retrieve in the run-offs, it may still feature in the awards.
(6) If live pigeons are released this must be treated as a separate exercise and not occur as part of an exercise involving a retrieve.
(7) Credit Points.
Natural hunting ability. Nose. Good marking. Drive. Style. Control. Speed in gathering retrieve. Delivery. Quiet handling.
(8) Serious Faults.
Refusing to retrieve. Whining or barking. Running in or chasing. Out of control. Failing to enter water. Changing retrieve.
c. Breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve
(1) Organisers must be aware of the limitations and possible problems when using game for pointing exercises.
(2) Dogs should quarter the beat across the wind hunting systematically and regulating their pace to suit the ground and cover. In Novice Tests dogs should not normally be required to work down wind.
(3) Judges must assess quartering, by observing the way the dog works its beat in relation to the wind. They should consider how the dog covers any possible game holding pockets and its drive and style, especially as indicated by its response to the presence of scent.
(4) Retrieving tests must be set as naturally as possible and close distractions must be avoided.
(5) If a dog fails a retrieve in the run-offs, it may still feature in the awards.
(6) Dogs must be steady to shot and fall and retrieve on command.
(7) If live pigeons are released this must be treated as a separate exercise and not occur as part of an exercise involving a retrieve.
(8) Credit Points.
Natural quartering and pointing ability. Drive. Style. Good marking. Control.
Quickness in gathering retrieve and delivery. Quiet handling.
(9) Serious Faults.
Refusing to retrieve. Whining or barking. Out of control. Chasing.
Failing to enter water. Changing retrieve.
REGULATIONS FOR ENTRIES IN THE STUD
BOOK, CHAMPIONS AND WARRANTS
As at 1st January 2013
1. Stud Book Qualifications.
a. An entry in the Stud Book shall consist of the registered name of the dog, its sex, colour, date of birth, owner, breeder and an extension of its pedigree limited to three generations, or a Stud Book Reference within that limit.
b. All dogs must be entered in the Stud Book in the name of the registered owner at the time of qualification.
c. A Kennel Club Stud Book number will be assigned to each dog accepted for entry.
d. A neutered dog, which has qualified for an entry in the Stud Book will be listed therein with the letters ‘NEUT’ appearing after its name.
e. (3) Dogs winning First, Second, Third or Fourth awards, Diplomas of Merit or Certificates of Merit at Field Trials held under Kennel Club Field Trial Regulations.
2. Championship Qualifications.
c. Title of Field Trial Champion (FT Ch) The following dogs shall be entitled to be described as Field Trial Champions. All first place awards are confined to Open Stakes for which a Field Trial Certificate will be awarded to each winner:
(1) Pointers and Setters
(a) A dog placed first in the Pointer and Setter Champion Stake.
(b) A dog which gains two first awards at two different Field Trial meetings in Open Stakes for Pointers and Setters under two different Panel A Judges. In the event that the same Panel A Judge officiates at both Trials, the dog will be entitled to the title of Field Trial Champion provided that the co-Judge at one Trial is also a Panel A Judge. There must be no fewer than 16 runners in each of the Stakes and one of these wins must be in a Stake open to Pointers and all breeds of Setter.
(a) A dog placed first in the Retriever Championship.
(b) A dog which gains two first awards in 24-dog Open Stakes under three different Panel A Judges.
(c) A dog which gains a first award in one 24-dog and one 12-dog
Open Stake under three different Panel A Judges.
(d) A dog which gains a first award in three 12-dog Open Stakes under three different Panel A Judges.
In a 24-dog Stake there must be no fewer than 20 runners and in a
12-dog Stake no fewer than 10 runners. For a dog to be entitled to the title of Field Trial Champion one of its wins must be in a Stake open to all breeds of Retriever.
(3) Proviso for all Retrievers
Before any Retriever is entitled to be described as a Field Trial
Champion it must also have a Water and Drive Certificate. The Water Certificate may, but not necessarily, be gained at a special Water Test. The special water test must have been conducted before two Panel A Judges at one of the following: the Retriever Championship, a Field Trial Stake, or at a subsequent special test. (J(A)2 refers.)
(4) Cocker Spaniels
(a) A dog placed first in the Cocker Spaniel Championship.
(b) A dog which gains two first awards in Open Stakes under two different Panel A Judges. In the event that the same Panel A Judge officiates at both Stakes, the dog will be entitled to the title of Field Trial Champion provided that the co-Judge at one Stake is also a Panel A Judge.
With the exception of the Cocker Spaniel Championship all Stakes must be limited to a maximum of 18 dogs. In order for the Stakes to qualify there must be no fewer than 14 runners.
(5) English Springer Spaniels
(a) A dog placed first in the English Springer Spaniel Championship.
(b) A dog which gains two first awards in Open Stakes under two different Panel A Judges. In the event that the same Panel A Judge officiates at both Stakes, the dog will be entitled to the title of Field Trial Champion provided that the co-Judge at one Stake is also a Panel A Judge.
With the exception of the English Springer Spaniel Championship all Stakes must be limited to a maximum of 18 dogs. In order for the Stakes to qualify there must be no fewer than 14 runners.
(6) Proviso for all Spaniels
Before a dog is entitled to be described as a Field Trial Champion it
must also have gained a Water Certificate. The Water Certificate may, but not necessarily, be gained at a special Water Test. The special water test must have been conducted before two Panel A Judges at one of the following: the Championship, a Field Trial Stake or at a subsequent special test. (J(A)2 refers.)
(7) Breeds which Hunt, Point & Retrieve
(a) A dog placed first in the Championship for Breeds which Hunt,
Point and Retrieve.
(b) A dog which gains two first awards in Open Stakes for breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve under two different Panel A Judges. In the event that the same Panel A Judge officiates at both Stakes, the dog will be entitled to the title of Field Trial Champion provided the co-Judge at one Stake is also a Panel A Judge.
In order for the Stakes to qualify there must be no fewer than 10 runners. For the dog to be entitled to the title of Field Trial
Champion one of its wins must be in a Stake open to all breeds which Hunt, Point and Retrieve.
d. Dual Champion Any Gundog which has been awarded the title of Show
Champion & Field Trial Champion
Excerpt from B
KENNEL CLUB REGULATIONS FOR CLASSIFICATION AND REGISTRATION
As at 1st January 2013
20. Dogs for Competition.—Dogs entered for any form of Kennel Club competition i.e. Show Classes, Field Trials, Gundog Working Tests, Obedience Tests, Working Trials, Agility, Heelwork to Music and Flyball Competitions must be registered in the name of the person(s) making the entry. If, at the closing date for entries, the owner(s) have applied for but have not received the Kennel Club registration certificate, the dog shall be entered in the name shown as the first choice on the application form for registration and the name should be followed by the letters “N.A.F” (Name Applied For). In the case of applications for transfer of ownership and change of name, the dog should be entered “T.A.F.” (Transfer Applied For) or “C.N.A.F.” (Change of Name Applied For) where application has been made but not received. Dogs are exempt from registration in the following cases:–
a. Dogs either exhibited exclusively in classes specially exempted by the General
Committee or in special classes sanctioned by the General Committee. b. Hounds belonging to recognised packs.